The Human Rights Protection Party

What is Good for Apia is also good for Savaii!
"O le mea e lelei i Apia, e lelei foi mo Savaii"

Mar 04

HRPP Manifesto


The Manifesto to contest the 2011 General Elections sets out the future policies and programs that the HRPP intends to implement should it be returned to again lead the country.  It should be made clear from the outset that the current and ongoing development programmes of the government will remain in place and continue to be implemented.  The HRPP has no doubts that its time-tested leadership will again provide Samoa with a confident and experienced government that the country needs in the next five years.

The HRPP was elected by the country in seven successive general elections in 1982, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1996, 2001 and 2006.  This is clear and unrefuted support of the country for the HRPP leadership in government because of the policies and development programmes implemented by successive HRPP governments for the welfare and prosperity of all Samoans.  The guiding principle of the HRPP development philosophy is “what is good for Apia is also good for the rest of the country” captures the essence of the HRPP determination that the development plans and programmes that it has set in motion and implemented would lift the welfare and prosperity prospects of all the people of Samoa.

The policies and programmes set out in this Manifesto have been fully considered in terms of their contribution to improving livelihoods and in terms of the affordability of their costs.   These initiatives are therefore not just promises made to attract votes but are real and sustainable in the long term.

In the end, it is not the promises but the delivery that counts.  The HRPP has demonstrated for all to see in its successive governments the important and major contributions it has delivered to advance the development of Samoa.  HRPP has set out its policies and programs in this Manifesto and it will deliver these as it has done in the past, if the HRPP is again returned in the general elections to lead the government.

The HRPP has a proven track record that voters may check.  The opposition has nothing remotely in comparison to help voters decide.

A vote therefore for the HRPP is a vote for confident an experienced leadership with impressive policies and programmes to develop the nation and improve the welfare and prosperity of the nation.  A vote for the opposition is a vote for uncertainty and promises that would bankrupt the country.


If we wish to know and look into the future, we must first understand the past.  That history repeats itself is an adage where truth often comes to pass.  The 2006 – 2011 period was by no means plain sailing.  There were six major challenges that the government confronted and had to resolve:

  • The selection of a successor to take up the post of Head of State when Malietoa Tanumafili II passed away. It was the very first time that the provision in the Constitution for the selection of a new Head of State was exercised.  The decision was not easy and the process had to be managed carefully.
  • The construction of Sports facilities and support infrastructure including roads and bridges to enable the successful hosting of the South Pacific Games.
  • The switch to drive on the left side of the road and the coordination of road signs, markings and traffic policing that ensured safety and the successful implementation of the switch.  The switch generated much consternation amongst disbelievers which in the end were proven unfounded.
  • The devastating Tsunami, caused by a massive earthquake, which tragically took the lives of so many people with heavy destruction to dwellings and infrastructure.
  • The global financial crisis and the subsequent recession that badly affected the world economy and impacted heavily on Samoa’s foreign exchange income.
  • The careful management of the government’s financial resources to cover competing demands for funds including the increases in salaries and wages of government workers for three consecutive years which attracted criticism from the private sector in their view that the rise in government’s pay scales adversely affected their businesses.

These challenges all impacted in major ways on the implementation of the government’s normal programmes as these changes necessarily also required the heavy investment by the government in time and money to find solutions to these challenges.  Despite these diversions, the government was still able to progress its programmes in the various sectors and to develop the country as set out below.

This video was put together in celebration of HRPP 30th Anniversary in Auckland, NZ in 2009.


The Economy:
In the immediate past five year period, the economy performed well with good growth overall.  The GDP reached 1.5 billion tala up from 1.1 billion at the start of the 5 year period.  The GDP per capita rose to over 8000 tala.  Samoa has consequently been slated by the United Nations to graduate from its current Least Developed Country status that would have been effective at the end of 2010 but now postponed to 2014 because of devastation suffered during the Tsunami disaster.

In the Millennium development Goals (MDGs) set down by the United Nations, Samoa has also performed well and should still be able to achieve the MDGs targets by the year 2015.  These MDGs targets include universal primary education, the reduction in maternal and infant mortality rates and reduction in communicable and non-communicable diseases.  The effective macro-economic management of the economy and the implementation of the many development programmes related to the various sectors of the economy, the achievements of the MDGs, as well as combating environment degradation and climate change has also ensured that Samoa’s developmental partners have been and continue to be very supportive and contributed strongly to Samoa’s efforts in all these areas.


  • The separation of the management of hospitals under the National Health Services from the Ministry of Health tasked with health policy advice and development provided for the improvement in the delivery of health services required in all the government hospitals
  • The programme to remunerate private doctors to visit and provide medical treatment at all hospitals.
  • The continuation of the vaccination programme and other preventative health programmes including health and fitness programmes to encourage the reduction in non-communicable and life-style diseases.
  • The accreditation of the Oceania University of Medicine which provides medical education in Samoa of our own students to help overcome the perennial shortage of qualified doctors serving in Samoa.


  • The implementation of the policy for universal primary education including the payment by the government of School fees through the initial support of our development donor partners.
  • The raising of standards in Trades Training with opportunities to study in Samoa for trades certification recognized in Australia.  This assists not only the raising of trades skills levels in Samoa but also improves access to employment opportunities of graduates in overseas countries.
  • The increase in the government grant of $5 million to Church schools and other schools outside government in recognition of their contributions to overall education services in Samoa
  • The introduction and implementation of programmes to teach the use of computers in rural schools.

Agriculture and Fisheries:

  • Tropical sheep continue to be raised and distributed to farmers to start their own flocks.
  • The commencement of the inter-cropping plantation programme with approved cash crops including cocoa, coffee, coconuts, avocados, limes, etc, targeting small farms and small families able to provide the required labour.  The implementation of the programme is based on a bonus system and eligible only for organic farming.
  • The commencement of the “Talomua” programme designed to re-invigorate taro plantations and particularly new varieties suitable for export market.
  • The production of flour and biodiesel in Samoa as well as the work of the Scientific Research Organisation of Samoa to develop edible oils from avocados and other agro based products that Samoa may be able to produce commercially.
  • The opening of the new fish market and wharf for Samoa’s fishing fleet.

Programmes for Infrastructure support for Agriculture:

  • Continuation of the Plantation roads construction programme with the connection of electricity and water along these roads to help people move and cultivate plantation areas.
  • Continuation of the importation of right hand drive vehicles and agriculture machines to assist the cultivation and transport of agriculture goods and produce between plantations and markets.
  • Construction of the new market in Salelologa as well as the new market in Vaitele to improve convenience for people and to reduce congestion pressure at the Fugalei market.

Programmes for Roads and other Infrastructure:

  • Completion of major road works including trunk roads and bridges as well as sport fields and stadiums for the 2007 South Pacific Games and subsequent sports competition and development.
  • Completion of other major roads, rural roads, foreshore and riverbanks protection that were left over from previous years.


Programmes to support Public Utilities Infrastructure:

  • Commencement of a major solar energy programme in partnership with the private sector.
  • Completion of the major water supply project from Palauli to Fa’asaleleaga and from Faleata to the northwest of Upolu.
  • Completion of the road network in the Salelologa Township on land agreed to by the Ali’i and Faipule of Salelologa and the late Luamanuvae Eti Alesana.  The subdivision of land blocks for leases has also been completed for the development of new businesses.
  • Completion of the wharf at Aleipata now used for ferry travel to American Samoa
  • The delivery and use of the new ferry M.V. Lady Samoa II for travel between Savaii and Upolu.

Other development projects:

  • Complete renovation of Apia Park.
  • Commencement of the construction of the new international Rugby Stadium at Tuanaimato.
  • Completion of the Courts and Justice Administration building at Mulinu’u.
  • Strengthening of programmes for improving standards for fine mats (Ie o le Malō)
  • weaving and other cultural traditions.
  • Completion of the main headquarters building for the Police to improve the work environment; a special facility was also completed at Mulifanua for young offenders to provide an environment that would enable a greater chance for successful rehabilitation.
  • Completion of the laying of the marine fibre-optic cable between Upolu and American Samoa to increase overseas telecommunication connections capacity.
  • Completion of the building for the offices of Parliamentarians.
  • Completion of the amendments to the Constitution to strengthen the development of party politics to ensure political stability and allow the government to focus on the key issues related to the development of the nation and well-being of the people.

Pension Scheme:
T16 million is already spent on the pension scheme each year and has been increased in every Parliamentary term depending on the revenue resources of the government.

Salaries and Wages:
A Remuneration Tribunal is tasked with examining and making recommendations on periodic increases in salaries and wages of government employees taking into account the cost of living and the availability of government’s budget resources.  This work and advice of the Tribunal is reflected in the increases in wages and salaries in three consecutive years of the present Five year period as well as the increases in the current financial year.  The key elements in the consideration of any salaries and wages increases is to ensure that all government workers benefit and a fair basis is maintained across all parts of the service, as well as the affordability of such increases from government’s revenue and the impact on the economy overall.

2011 – 2015 MANIFESTO

The great number of programmes and activities being carried out and continued by the government would not be mentioned in details, like for instance the various programmes and activities to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, the public sector reform programmes to improve the management of the economy and services delivery of the different agencies of government.  Only those key programmes and activities that support the key socio-economic sectors would therefore be summarized herein.  The ultimate goals of all these programmes and activities is to raise the standards of living of all our people in the years ahead and enable the requirements of daily life to be adequately met.  On the rise in the costs of living challenge, the government has endeavoured to provide opportunities that our people may access as well as encourage people to use the resources of our land and sea to provide food if cultivated and used wisely.  For the only effective solution to counter the cost of living increases is to increase productivity.

Education and Health:
Good education and good health are vital for all our people.  A good education opens doors to opportunities.  A healthy life allows people to make full use of these opportunities and to make positive contributions to the community.  Education and Health therefore remain key priorities for the HRPP.

The overarching goal is a well educated population.

Government Schools:

(a)    Training of enough teachers to teach the required subjects at all levels in government schools.
(b)    Continuation of the scheme for payment of school fees
(c)    Continuation of teaching programmes for children with special needs
(d)    Continuation of the programme to enable every student to have access to a computer
(e)    Continuation of the village school construction programme with the assistance of Samoa’s development partners
(f)    Establishment of courses for older people who wish to continue their education and acquire different skills (adult  education)
(g)    Continuation of the scholarship programme for graduate degree studies at tertiary level: (the NUS, USP Alafua, and the Oceania University of Medicine at Moto’otua)
(h)    The completion of the upgrading of junior secondary schools to college level at the rural areas to enable students to begin and finish their education while still staying with parents in the villages.

Non-Government Schools:
Financial assistance would continue to be provided to Church and non-government schools and to also cover pre-schools.

The overarching goals are:

(i)    Achievement of an effective and efficient health services.
(ii)  The implementation of effective preventative programmes

Health Services:

(a)    The establishment of a comprehensive medical service to provide treatment with modern equipment and with specialist personnel both here in Samoa and from abroad to deliver treatment in Samoa and reduce the need for patients to be transferred overseas.
(b)    Continuation of the current programme for private doctors to provide consultations and treatment at all the hospitals.
(c)    Continuation of the programme to upgrade the skills of Samoa Medical professionals in partnership arrangements with hospitals overseas.
(d)    The strengthening of programmes to provide palliative care in Samoa.

(e)    The establishment in Savaii of a branch of the Samoa National Kidney Foundation to provide treatment for patients in Savaii.

Preventative Programmes:

(a)    Strengthening of programmes to prevent non-communicable diseases and lifestyle illnesses
(b)    Strengthening and promotion of the vaccination programmes with the support of village women’s committees
(c)    Strengthening and promotion of fitness programmes in the wider community and encouragement of people to have regular health checks.

Agriculture and Fisheries:
The overarching goals are the availability of foods from plantations and domestic resources to reduce the reliance on imported goods:

(a)    Continuation of the “Talomua” programme and the scheme for inter-cropping of any three cash crops (coconuts, cocoa, avocados, limes, etc) using organic farming methods to promote small scale plantations that could be managed and looked after by a small family.  The scheme would yield good incomes and protects the environment.
(b)    Strengthening and promotion of livestock farming with the establishment of mobile abattoirs in Upolu and Savaii
(c)    Strengthening and promotion of intercropping fruits (limes, avocados etc) with vegetable gardens to create sustained incomes.
(d)    Continuation of programmes to sustain fisheries resources at the rural communities.


The overarching goal is the availability of reliable and affordable electricity for all:

  • Completion of the construction of the new power plant/site at Aleisa away from residential areas.
  • Continuation and promotion of solar energy generation to mitigate the increase in the cost of fossil fuels and to reduce the impact on the environment through the use of ‘clean’ and renewable energy.
  • Continuation of research into sustainable energy sources available in Samoa


Water Supply:
The overarching goal is the availability of an uninterrupted, clean and safe water supply to all parts of Samoa.

  • Continuation of the programme to connect or drill water supplies for villages suffering from lack of a good water source
  • Continuation of the programmes to provide clean, safe and uninterrupted water supply to all families.


The overarching goal is the availability of affordable telecommunication services to all parts of Samoa

  • Strengthening of the competitive environment for telecommunication services to ensure benefits of competitive prices to consumers.
  • Increased connection of Samoa to the outside world through fiber-optic marine cables to improve telecommunication capacity and promote business and services such as in tourism, financial services, call centres, distant education, telemedicine etc.


The overarching goal is the expansion and upgrading of the road network throughout Samoa to also help with relocation of communities to higher grounds for safety.

  • Resealing of all the roads in Upolu and Savai’i including the construction of good drainage systems, as well as the provision of footpaths and bicycle lanes.
  • Continuation of tar sealing of plantation access roads in Upolu and Savaii including a sealed road around Manono Island and a sealed plantation road for Apolima.

The overarching goal is the availability on both Upolu and Savaii of wharfs that vessels may use not only in good weather but also during emergencies.

  • Continuation of upgrading work for the main wharfs at Matautu, Mulifanua, Salelologa and Aleipata for shipping services.
  • The programming of construction and deepening of additional wharfs at Asau, Palauli and Fagaloa for cruise ships and fishing boats as well as for emergencies should the main wharfs be closed for some reason including damage from natural disasters.

Sea and Air Transport:
The overarching goal is the continued availability of air and sea transport services for Samoa that meet modern standards of safety.

  • Maintenance of high standards of the ferry services between Upolu and Savai’i and with Tutuila to cater for the growing movement of people and goods.  Included in the plans is the construction of an airfield at Aleipata for short-haul flights between Upolu and Tutuila
  • Promotion of additional air and sea route connections with the outside world to support tourism and to help generate business and employment opportunities.
  • Continuation of efforts to obtain employment opportunities for qualified sailors from Samoa’s Maritime Academy on international shipping lines or Samoa’s own vessels.
  • Opening of opportunities for other shipping or aviation companies that wish to establish businesses in Samoa (e.g. aviation training schools, helicopter services etc)

The overarching goal is the protection of our islands and people from threat to the environment including the protection of biodiversity.  The protection of the environment and climate change are also cross-cutting issues in many of the development programmes and activities being carried out in the different sectors of the economy.  (e.g. construction of access roads help move communities to higher ground away from coastal areas threaten by sea-level rise and tsunamis)

  • Continuation of coastal and riverbanks protection programmes for localities at risk
  • Protection of water catchment areas and planting of trees in conservation areas including areas along the coasts (e.g. mangrove areas)
  • Strengthening of coastal fisheries conservation areas and protection of indigenous birds and biodiversity generally as well as the eradication of invasive plant, bird and animals species
  • Continuation of programs for early warning systems for cyclones, earthquakes and tsunamis to provide more time to take precautionary measures.
  • Continuation of research by the SROS into renewable energy such as bio-fuel including support for investment in clean renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind)

The overarching goal in sports is its development to provide young people with opportunities to develop their talents.

  • Designing of a programme for Sports with focus around sports where Samoa has potential to achieve world class performances including the resources needed for development.
  • Setting up a programme to bring world class coaches to instruct Samoan athletes to accelerate the lifting of standards and performances.
  • Obtaining and making use of all available sources of financing including sponsorships to help the participation of Samoan sports women and men in international competition as well as to fully prepare them for these competitions
  • Promotion of the use of our international sports facilities at Tuanaimato for intensive sports training and for International sports competitions hosted in Samoa.
  • Continuation of the maintenance and upgrading programmes for all the sports facilities.


The overarching goal is to increase the number of tourists visiting Samoa which create businesses and employment opportunities for our people.

  • Implementation of various beautification programmes in villages, the promotion of a clean orderly and colourful environment, and the creation of traditional activities of interest including handicrafts development to improve the tourism products offered by Samoa in preparation for the 50th Anniversary of Independence in 2012.
  • Continued development of Apia to be a Centre for International Conferences that would utilize the new conference centre under construction and to help promote Apia also as Sports Centre for the Pacific
  • Promoting of culture and traditions, a clean scenic environment in villages and availability of organic farm produce for tourists.
  • Construction of additional hotel rooms and accommodations to support increased tourist visitors and participants to conferences hosted in Samoa.

The overarching goal is to strengthen and promote programmes to assist women with their traditional responsibilities in homes and communities as well as their important contributions to the development of the country.

  • Continuation and strengthening of programmes for women committees to support and refine skills in crafts and home making
  • Continuation of the national programmes for Fine Mats weaving and Tapa cloth making to preserve and maintain standards in these important traditional arts and crafts of Samoa.
  • Continuation of programmes to reduce the burden of traditional family and societal contributions.
  • Continuation of the promotion of market gardens and growing of other cash crops by women to further support their contributions to development.



  • A complete reevaluation of organizational and legislative arrangements for the Lands and Titles Court to find suitable solutions to the long delays in the adjudication and receiving Judgments on appeal cases.  A new Courts and Justice Administration building has now been constructed and the task in this next period is to thoroughly examine needed changes for justice to be delivered effectively and efficiently in time to meet the often quoted maxim that justice delayed is justice denied.
  • A complete re-examination of the village Fono Act to clearly demarcate the authority of villages and avoid the time of the Lands and Titles Court being taken up with matters that should be dealt at village level.
  • The establishment of a special small claims tribunal as done in other countries to hear such cases which would be affordable by many people who cannot afford the services of a lawyer.
  • Establishment of a special agency of government to implement appropriate programmes to assist manufacturers and farmers market their goods in overseas markets.  It is noted that while there are unlimited markets available for various products (taro, bananas, nonu, bottled water), there are access requirements including supply side constraints.
  • Continuation of the seasonal workers scheme to New Zealand including negotiating the extension of the scheme to include trade skills areas to further expand opportunities and improve standards levels.
  • Continued assessment as is normally done, to make payment increases in the pension scheme that take account of budgetary resources.


As explained at the start, the plans and programmes set out in this Manifesto are only a small part of the very many programmes and activities that are presently ongoing and carried out by the government.  It would take a long time and a great many pages and space to set down and explain all the programmes and activities being implemented by government ministries and agencies.  The financing of the government programmes and activities are provided from three main sources.

First    -    normal government revenues from duties and taxes

Second -    assistance from development partners and donors

Three    -    Soft term loans from International Financial Institutions set up to assist
developing countries like Samoa with very low interest rates and extended grace periods before payments need to be made.

In the Main Budget Estimates for the current financial year to June 2011, the resources for the operations of government including development projects are:

(a)    Normal government revenues                         $472,000,000
(b)    Development partners donor assistance          $124,000,000
(c)    Soft loans                                                        $149,000,000

Only $472 million is from our own normal revenues, with $273 million from development donor partners and international financial institutions.  The continuation of the assistance provided from donors and international financial institutions is very much based on the satisfaction of donors that a country is making a concerted and well planned effort to develop and manage its economy as Samoa has done in past years to the present.  A recent and very visible example was the tragic Tsunami that struck the country in 2009.  By the time assistance from overseas arrived, we had already started to deploy personnel and equipment to start the rescue and recovery work.  This key to a successful partnership with our donor partners is the demonstration that Samoa not only puts together good development plans but we also know how to go about with the implementation of these plans.

Only Samoa’s own financial resources are under the complete discretion of the government.  Assistance from donor governments and international financial institutions would only be released to Samoa when donors are satisfied with:

  1. the integrity of the government’s leadership and that assistance will be applied to where it is intended
  2. the clear contribution that donor assistance would make to the development of Samoa

Similar to seeking a personal loan from a bank, if a person has a known track record of dishonesty then it would be a waste of time to approach the bank!

One of the important programmes being implemented in government agencies is the clarity of tasks and responsibilities so that problems would be quickly identified with remedial actions and corrections made when lines of responsibilities are clearly demarcated.  In this way the requirements of good governance and the principles of transparency and accountability are easily implemented and enforced.  The improvement in skills levels in ongoing training programmes of the Public Service would also improve services delivery to the public.  In this way also, the collection of government revenues improves with more resources available to finance the programmes in this Manifesto.  Some of the programmes included in the Manifesto will also be beneficiaries of new financing mechanisms made available under assistance to projects to mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change such as the Fast Start Fund and other financial mechanisms now being put in place to assist small islands developing states like Samoa.

The United Nations last year accepted Samoa’s request to postpone to 2014 Samoa’s graduation from Least Developing Country (LDC() status which means that Samoa would continue to access financial resources including special soft term loans available to Least Developing countries with lower interest rates and long grace periods before any payments are made.

In summary, the sources for financing the development of programmes and activities outlined in the Manifesto are:

(i)    Samoa’s ordinary revenue sources (with improvements in collection)
(ii)    Assistance from development partners and donors based on their assessment that
Samoa’s development strategy is good and sound with donor’s involvement in partnership decision making     before funds are released.
(iii)    Soft term loans with very low interest rates and extended grace periods before    
repayments start
(iv)   Availability of special funds for Climate Change mitigation and adaptation projects   
such as the Fast Start Fund and other new financing mechanisms for climate change being negotiated.

The point to make is that the programmes and activities set out in the Manifesto will be implemented over a five year period and it is hoped that there would not be interruption from any disaster events that would interfere with the implementation schedules.

As with all programmes for the future, it is important to remember that these are plans to guide future actions, but the government decisions made when the time comes will take into account the complete set of circumstances that would then prevail.  The government may very well at that time decide to add and implement new programmes and activities that were not previously anticipated should unforeseen circumstances occur. Decisions would then be made accordingly.  We can only do our best to make good plans but only God Almighty knows the future and helps us achieve our goals.



Only with the help of our Lord God may we achieve our work.  All the long term plans set out in this Manifesto, as in all previous plans since the HRPP came into office, rely on our God, the Foundation  of Samoa, to help guide us in their actual implementation and outcomes.

In every past event that threatened to overwhelm the livelihoods of our people and the stability of our community, Samoa was never forsaken by our Lord. Instead His mercy and guidance always brought our country through those difficult times.
We have presented clearly in the Manifesto the importance of the work ethic and the importance of cultivating the land for its bounty.  There are many parables that reflect the tested wisdom that those who work hard are similarly rewarded.

The high hope of the HRPP is for all our people to be blessed and live a good life.  The only way this is achieved is for all our people to strive together and work hard.  Nothing is achieved if no work is done.  Income must first be earned before these can be available to finance any promises.  The HRPP Manifesto makes clear that increases in any payment including those for the Pension Scheme will be made in accordance with the ability of the government’s resources to sustain.  It would be highly irresponsible to make promises when these cannot be kept and sustained.

The HRPP candidates are able to talk and discuss with confidence and with reality the issues on farming as well as other sectors where they have worked in to develop our country.  They also know well the practical day to day needs of our people given their involvement and contributions in their own families and villages.

We would therefore caution against irresponsible and empty promises that cannot be delivered.  The history and background of the candidates influence directly the integrity of their promises.

The HRPP has shown that it is able to lead and govern and we have kept our promises because they were based on sound reasoning and strong good planning and implementation.

We would therefore ask voters to take these factors into account in making your decision.  Your vote for HRPP is a vote for a prosperous and confident future for your children, your families and our nation.


Author: HRPP
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